Video is the technology of electronically capturing, recording, processing, storing, transmitting, and reconstructing a sequence of still images representing scenes in motion.
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Three-dimensional space
Three-dimensional space is a geometric 3-parameters model of the physical universe (without considering time) in which we live. These three dimensions are commonly called length, width, and depth (or height), although any three directions can be chosen, provided that they do not lie in the same plane. In physics and mathematics, a sequence of n numbers can be understood as a location in n-dimensional space. When n = 3, the set of all such locations is called 3-dimensional Euclidean space.
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Precision and recall
In this figure the relevant items are to the left of the straight line while the retrieved items are within the oval. The red regions represent errors. On the left these are the relevant items not retrieved, while on the right they are the retrieved items that are not relevant. Precision and recall are the quotient of the left green region by respectively the oval (horizontal arrow) and the left region (diagonal arrow).
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Data compression
In computer science and information theory, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation. Compression can be either lossy or lossless. Lossless compression reduces bits by identifying and eliminating statistical redundancy. No information is lost in lossless compression. Lossy compression reduces bits by identifying marginally important information and removing it.
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Prevalence
In epidemiology, the prevalence of a health-related state (typically disease, but also other things like smoking or seatbelt use) in a statistical population is defined as the total number of cases of the risk factor in the population at a given time, or the total number of cases in the population, divided by the number of individuals in the population. It is used as an estimate of how common a disease is within a population over a certain period of time.
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Robust statistics
Robust statistics provides an alternative approach to standard statistical methods, such as those for estimating location, scale and regression parameters. The motivation is to produce estimators that are not unduly affected by small departures from the model assumptions under which these standard methods are usually derived: the standard methods are comparatively badly affected.
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